RAIL TRAVEL

Information offices are available at stations thoughout Italy, with details regarding National and European destinations. 

The Italian rail system is operated by TRENITALIA

The rail network is well developed and widespread, especially between major urban centres and tourist areas. The fastest trains operate on the networks between the major cities while the regional trains usually stop at all stations. You will find that rail travel in Italy is cheap and efficient.

TRAIN CLASSIFICATION:

ITALOTRENO - High Speed train service connects two lines: Turin-Salerno, stops in Milan, Reggio Emilia, Bologna, Florence, Rome and Naples. Venice-Naples, stops in Padova, Bologna, Florence and Rome

FRECCIAROSSA - Trains connecting Turin-Milan-Bologna-Rome-Naples-Salerno on the high speed line. 

FRECCIARGENTO - TRAINS CONNECTING Rome to Venice, Verona, Bari/Lecce, Lamezia Terme/Reggio Calabria on the high speed lines and traditional lines.

FRECCIABIANCA - Connecting Milan to: Venice, Udine and Trieste: Genoa and Rome; down to Bari, Lecce on the traditional line.

ETR - (also known as Eurostar) – Very fast trains stopping only at major cities. 

1st and 2nd class – supplement payable – booking compulsory.

INTERCITY - Fast trains stopping at major cities – 1st and 2nd class – supplement payable – booking recommended.

INTER-REGIONALI - Trains stopping at many cities – 1st and 2nd class.

REGIONALI - Local trains stopping virtually at every city within the same region. Normally 2nd class only. 

SLEEPER - Trains operate between major Italian cities 

and to foreign countries.

RAIL PASSES & TICKETS: Can be purchased from your local travel agent in Australia and New Zealand. Seniors (75 years and over) can obtain a “Carta d’argento” (silver card) that allows them to travel at a discounted rate on some trains.

IMPORTANT NOTICE: Please be aware that once you have purchased a ticket, you must validate it before boarding the train at the special yellow machines located along the platforms.  Failure to do so will result in a fine.

For rail information & timetables visit  www.trenitalia.com


BUS TRAVEL

There is a fairly extensive network of bus services in Italy provided by a number of private companies. These bus services vary from small local services connecting rural communities to luxury express services between big cities. 

FERRIES AND HYDROFOILS

There are many services linking the islands by sea to the mainland. The main links are by car ferries and hydrofoils. In addition, ships from all the countries around the Mediterranean are moored in the well-equipped Italian ports. The main Italian ports for embarking on the Islands of Sicily and Sardinia are: Genoa, Livorno, Civitavecchia, Fiumicino, Naples and Villa San Giovanni.


TAXI

Taxi service is readily available throughout the country. Meters are compulsory and fares are displayed.

IT IS STRONGLY ADVISED TO USE ONLY OFFICIAL TAXIS WHICH ARE EASILY IDENTIFIABLE. IGNORE OFFERS FROM DRIVERS OF PRIVATE CARS WHO OFTEN LOITER AROUND AIRPORTS AND RAILWAY STATIONS. 

Extra charges: Night service supplement between 10 pm and 6 am. Sunday and holiday supplement + luggage (per item).

For taxi trips outside the city boundaries, fares will be based on distance.


MOTORWAYS AND ROADS

Italians drive on the right and overtake on the left. The roads in Italy are quite good and Italy has a fine network of motorways (Autostrade). Although the motorway network is quite extensive, there is also a good network of state roads to get you around. These state roads (strade statali) are often just as good. As a tourist you may find that avoiding motorways is a good idea. The provincial roads (Strade provinciali) will bring you into the Italian countryside. 

An emergency triangle must be carried in the vehicle at all times. Seat belts must be worn in the front and rear seats. The use of mobile phones is prohibited if they required being hand held. Helmets must be worn on two-wheeled vehicles.

Speed limits are as follows (unless otherwise displayed):

Motorway                     130 km/h

Highway                       110 km/h

Major Roads                90 km/h

Towns / Cities              50 km/h

Penalties for violation of speed limit vary in proportion to the amount of the excess. The Italian Motorway Code follows the Geneva Convention and Italy by using international road signs. Motorway signs are indicated by the letter “A” followed by a number written in white on a green background. They are almost all subject to tolls, except for some brief stretches, especially approaching urban areas. Wearing of seatbelts is compulsory for front-and back-seat passengers as well as for the driver. The use of mobile phones while driving unless they have a hands free device. The alcohol limit is 0,5 grams per litre. 

Tolls can be paid through the following methods:

- TelePass: A telematic system that allows you to pay the toll without stopping.

- By Cash: When the sign background is white, it means that the lane is exclusively for cash payment. The sign shows the icon of cash with in addition the symbol of a hand, indicating the presence of a cashier.


- ViaCard charge card:  a magnetic prepaid charge card, of the amount of 25, 50 or 75 euros, which can be used to pay tolls in all automatic toll lanes and in lanes with cashier of all motorway network in Italy. The Viacard charge card can be used for any type of vehicle travelling on motorways, either private or commercial. The Viacard charge card in euros can be used anywhere on the Italian motorway network disregarding its expiry date.

- Payment with credit card and Maestro Cards: A new signage layout has been implemented to achieve major directness and visibility, based on colour identification associated to the different payment options and on a standard use of colours, icons and symbols.Clear and immediate understandable signs allow drivers arriving at the toll to choose quickly the lane corresponding to their payment option, avoiding both confusion, and slowing down of the car flow near the pay tolls and, more importantly, help cut down the number of accidents due to sudden manoeuvring or moving from one gate lane to the other.

Entrance gate

The lanes reserved for Telepass owners are provided with new signage settled above the marquee, characterized by a yellow background sign reading “reserved Telepass owners”. All the other gate lanes where tickets are issued are characterized by signs settled nearer the ground at the entrance of the lane.

Exit gate

The new signage is meant to quicker the payment, allowing users, along the 2.855 km of the Autrostrade per l’Italia network, to see and locate clearly and immediately the various payment options available at each exit gate.

For travel, traffic and road information please visit:  www.autostrade.it or www.aci.it

PETROL

Almost all service stations in the country are equipped with pumps for unleaded petrol and diesel fuel. Service stations are usually open from 07:00 to 12:30 and from 15:00 to 19:30. During weekends and public holidays they operate with an alternative shifting system, generally only in the morning. Service is guaranteed 24 hours a day on the motorways. Carrying petrol in containers is prohibited.

Please make sure you obtain an International driving permit before your trip to Italy.

 International driving permits can be obtained through state and terrritory motoring clubs.