Aosta, with its 36339 inhabitants, is the provincial capital of the Aosta Valley and is situated in a broad Alpine basin surrounded by the peaks of Mount Emilius (3559 m), the Becca di Viou (2856 m) and the Becca di Nona (3142 m).
The city itself lies in the most fertile and abundant part of the Dora Baltea valley. It is also an important meeting point for the traffic of international commerce thanks to its central position with respect to the main routes that link Italy to France and Switzerland through Mont Blanc, Great and Small St. Bernard passes.
As far back as 2900 BC, the city was the military centre of the ‘Salassi” population. When they were defeated by Roman troops during the empire of Augustus, the city became a military settlement, was named Augusta Praetoria (25 BC) and quickly grew in importance and prosperity. It was once called “Rome of the Alps” and suffered numerous invasions by the Burgundians, Ostrogothians, Byzantines and the Franks.
In the X century it belonged to the King of Burgundy who handed it over to Umberto Biancamano in 1025. The Aosta Vally has always enjoyed significant political independence, confirmed in 1948 by the introduction of a special statute.
Aosta and its valley can be easily reached by motorway from Milan (180 km), from Turin (110 km), and from Genoa (230 km), as well as by trunk roads and by rail. The Mont Blanc and Great St. Bernard motorway tunnels also ensure easy connections all year round with France and Switzerland. During summer there is an option to take two scenic routes over the historical hills of the Great and Small St. Bernard which were famous in ancient times.
The provincial airport “Corrado Gex”, in Aosta, where a local company of air-taxis is already in operation ensures a regular passenger service.