Valcamonica has one of the world’s greatest collections of prehistoric petroglyphs – more than 140,000 symbols and figures carved in rock over a period of 8,000 years and depicting themes connected with agriculture, navigation, war and magic.
Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie with “The Last Supper” by Leonardo da Vinci (1980)
The refectory of the Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie forms an integral part of this architectural complex, begun in Milan in 1463 and reworked at the end of the 15th century by Bramante. On the north wall is The Last Supper painted between 1495 and 1497 by Leonardo da Vinci.
Historic Centre of Rome (1980)
The World Heritage site includes some of the major monuments of antiquity such as the Forums, the Mausoleum of Augustus, the Mausoleum of Hadrian, the Pantheon, Trajan’s Column and the Column of Marcus Aurelius, as well as the religious and public buildings of papal Rome.
Historic Centre of Florence (1982)
Its 600 years of extraordinary artistic activity can be seen above all in the 13th-century cathedral (Santa Maria del Fiore), the Church of Santa Croce, the Uffizi and the Pitti Palace, the work of great masters such as Giotto, Brunelleschi, Botticelli and Michelangelo.
Piazza del Duomo, Pisa
The four masterpieces of medieval architecture – the cathedral, the baptistry, the campanile (the ‘Leaning Tower’) and the cemetery – had a great influence on monumental art in Italy from the 11th to the 14th century.
Venice and its Lagoon
The whole city is an extraordinary architectural masterpiece in which even the smallest building contains works by some of the world’s greatest artists.
Historic Centre of San Gimignano (1990)
The town was built around 72 tower-houses and were symbols of wealth and power. Only 14 have survived, however, the town has retained its atmosphere and appearance.
The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera (1993)
This is the most outstanding, intact example of a troglodyte settlement in the Mediterranean region, perfectly adapted to its terrain and ecosystem.
City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas (1994)
The work of Andrea Palladio (1508–80), based on a detailed study of classical Roman architecture, gives the city its unique appearance.
Historic Centre of Siena (1995)
The whole city of Siena, built around the Piazza del Campo, was devised as a work of art that blends into the surrounding landscape.
An outstanding example of the 19th- and early 20th-century ‘company towns’ built in Europe and North America by enlightened industrialists to meet the workers’ needs.
Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta (1995, 1999)
The completion of this project marked the birth of modern town planning and influenced its subsequent development.
Historic Centre of Naples (1995)
Naples has retained the imprint of the successive cultures that emerged in Europe and the Mediterranean basin. This makes it a unique site, with a wealth of outstanding monuments.
Castel del Monte
When the Emperor Frederick II built this castle near Bari in the 13th century, he imbued it with symbolic significance, as reflected in the location, the mathematical and astronomical precision of the layout and the perfectly regular shape.
Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna (1996)
Ravenna was the seat of the Roman Empire in the 5th century and then of Byzantine Italy until the 8th century. The buildings show great artistic skill, including a wonderful blend of Graeco-Roman tradition, Christian iconography and oriental and Western styles.
Historic Centre of the City of Pienza (1996)
The architect Bernardo Rossellino, applied the principles of his mentor, Leon Battista Alberti. This new vision of urban space was realised in the superb square known as Piazza Pio II and the buildings around it: the Piccolomini Palace, the Borgia Palace and the cathedral.
The Trulli of Alberobello
The Trulli, limestone dwellings found in the southern region of Puglia, are remarkable examples of drywall (mortarless) construction, a prehistoric building technique still in use in this region.
18th Century Caserta Royal Palace with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex (1997)
The monumental complex is exceptional for the way in which it brings together a magnificent palace with its park and gardens, hunting lodges and a silk factory.
Archaeological Area of Agrigento (1997)
Founded as a Greek colony in the 6th century B.C, its supremacy is demonstrated by the remains of the magnificent Doric temples that dominate the ancient town.
Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata (1997)
When Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD, it engulfed the two flourishing Roman towns of Pompei, Herculaneum, and many wealthy villas in the area. The wall paintings of the Villa Oplontis at Torre Annunziata give a vivid impression of the opulent lifestyle enjoyed by the wealthier citizens of the Early Roman Empire.
Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua (1997)
The world’s first botanical garden was created in Padua in 1545. It still preserves its original layout and continues to serve its original purpose as a centre for scientific research.
Cathedral, Civic Tower and main square, Modena (1997)
The magnificent 12th-century cathedral is a supreme example of early Romanesque art. With its piazza and soaring tower, it testifies to the faith of its builders and the power of the Canossa dynasty who commissioned it.
An area of great physical beauty and natural diversity. It has been intensively settled by human communities since the early Middle Ages.
Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) (1997)
The layout and disposition of the towns and the shaping of the surrounding landscape, overcoming the disadvantages of a steep, uneven terrain, encapsulate the continuous history of human settlement in this region over the past millennium.
Residences of the Royal House of Savoy (1997)
This complex of buildings, designed and embellished by the leading architects and artists of the time, radiates out into the surrounding countryside to include many country residences and hunting lodges.
Su Nuraxi di Barumini
The complex consists of circular defensive towers in the form of truncated cones built of dressed stone, with corbel-vaulted internal chambers. The complex at Barumini is the finest and most complete example of this remarkable form of prehistoric architecture.
Villa Romana del Casale
One of the most luxurious of its kind. It is especially noteworthy for the richness and quality of the mosaics which decorate almost every room.
Archaeological Area and Basilica of Aquileia (1998)
Aquileia was one of the largest and wealthiest cities of the Early Roman Empire. Most of it still lies unexcavated beneath the fields, and as such it constitutes the greatest archaeological reserve of its kind.
Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum, Velia, and the Certosa di Padula (1998)
The sanctuaries and settlements along its three east–west mountain ridges portray the area’s historical evolution.
Historic Centre of Urbino (1998)
The small hill town has preserved its Renaissance appearance to a remarkable extent.
Villa Adriana (Tivoli)
An exceptional complex of classical buildings created in the 2nd century A.D. by the Roman emperor Hadrian.
Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites (2000)
Its medieval art masterpieces have made Assisi a fundamental reference point for Italian art.
City of Verona
Verona has preserved a remarkable number of monuments from antiquity, the medieval and Renaissance periods, and represents an outstanding example of a military stronghold.
Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) (2000)
An outstanding record of volcanic island-building and destruction, and ongoing volcanic phenomena.
Villa d’Este, Tivoli
With its palace and garden, it is one of the most remarkable and comprehensive illustrations of Renaissance culture making this a unique example of an Italian 16th-century garden.
Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (2002)
The towns were all rebuilt after the 1693 earthquake on or beside towns existing at the time.
Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy (2003)
The nine Sacred Mountains are groups of chapels and other architectural features created in the late 16th and 17th centuries and dedicated to different aspects of the Christian faith.
Monte San Giorgio
The pyramid-shaped, wooded mountain of Monte San Giorgio beside Lake Lugano is regarded as the best fossil record of marine life from the Triassic Period.
Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia (2004)
These two large Etruscan cemeteries reflect different types of burial practices from the 9th to the 1st century BC, and bear witness to the achievements of Etruscan culture.
The landscape’s distinctive aesthetics, flat chalk plains out of which rise almost conical hills with fortified settlements on top, inspired many artists.
Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica (2005)
The site consists of two separate elements, containing outstanding vestiges dating back to Greek and Roman times.
Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the Palazzi dei Rolli (2006)
The first example in Europe of an urban development project parcelled out by a public authority associated to a particular system of ‘public lodging’ in private residences.
Mantua and Sabbioneta
Two aspects of Renaissance town planning: Mantua shows the renewal and extension of an existing city, while Sabbioneta represents the implementation of the period’s theories about planning the ideal city.
Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes (2008)
It brings together two historic railway lines that cross the Swiss Alps through two passes.
They comprise of a mountain range in the northern Italian Alps, featuring several beautiful mountain landscapes.
Longobards in Italy. Places of the Power (2011)
7 groups of important buildings (including fortresses, churches, and monasteries) throughout Italy.
Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps (2011)
111 small individual sites encompasses the remains of prehistoric pile-dwelling settlements in and around the Alps built from around 5000 to 500 B.C on the edges of lakes, rivers and wetlands.
Ville Medicee and Gardens in Tuscany (2013)
Twelve villas and two gardens spread across the Tuscan landscape. Built between the 15th and 17th centuries, they represent an innovative system of construction in harmony with nature and dedicated to leisure, the arts and knowledge.
Mount Etna is the highest Mediterranean island mountain and the most active stratovolcano in the world. The eruptive history of the volcano can be traced back 500,000 years and at least 2,700 years of this activity has been documented.
Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero & Monferrato (2014)
This landscape covers five distinct wine-growing areas with outstanding landscapes and the Castle of Cavour, an emblematic name both in the development of vineyards and in Italian history. It is located in the southern part of Piedmont, between the Po River and the Ligurian Apennines.
Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalú and Monreale - Sicily (2014)
A series of nine civil and religious structures dating from the era of the Norman kingdom of Sicily (1130-1194): two palaces, three churches, a cathedral, a bridge, as well as the cathedrals of Cefalú and Monreale. Collectively, they are an example of a social-cultural syncretism between Western, Islamic and Byzantine cultures on the island which gave rise to new concepts of space, structure and decoration. They also bear testimony to the fruitful coexistence of people of different origins and religions.
Venitian works of Defence between 16th & 17th centuries (2017)
15 components of defence works. The fortifications throughout the Stato da Terra protected the Republic of Venice from other European powers to the northwest and those of the Stato da Mar protected the sea routes and ports in the Adriatic Sea to the Levant.
Beech Forests of the Carpathians (2017)
Since the end of the last Ice Age, European beech spread from a few isolated refuges in the Alps, Carpathians, Mediterranean and Pyrenees over a short period of a few thousand years in a process that is still ongoing. This successful expansion is related to the tree’s flexibility and tolerance of different climatic, geographical and physical conditions.
Ivrea, industrial city of the 20st century (2018)
Located in the Piedmont region, Ivrea was designed by leading Italian urban planners and architects. This architectural ensemble reflects the ideas of the Community Movement. It expresses a modern vision of the relationship between industrial production and architecture.
The Prosecco hills (2019)
The Prosecco hills between Conegliano and Valdobbiadene, in the province of Treviso, in the north-east of Italy, are an extraordinary land where an internationally renowned wine Prosecco is produced.